• British Nuclear Weapons: For and Against (London: Junction Books, 1981). Preface by Bernard Williams.
  • Reagan and the World: Imperial Policy in the New Cold War (London: Pluto Press, 1984). Revised, updated, and expanded edition, New York: Monthly Review Press, 1985.
  • The Morality of Nationalism (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997). Coedited with Robert McKim.
  • The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Reviews: Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Australian Review of Public Affairs, Canadian Journal of Philosophy (review essay),  Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Philosophie, Ethics, Journal of Ethics (review essay), Journal of the American Academy of Religion, London Review of Books, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, Philosophical Books 1, Philosophical Books 2, Philosophical Books 3, Philosophical Review, Philosophy & Phenomenological Research (review essay), Philosophy and Public Affairs (review essay), Ratio, Sats – Nordic Journal of Philosophy, Times Literary SupplementUtilitas

  • Killing in War (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2009).


  • Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010). Coedited with N. Ann Davis and Richard Keshen.


In Press


  • The Values of Lives (New York: Oxford University Press). A collection of articles.


Under Contract


  • The Right Way to Fight (New York: Oxford University Press).
  • The Ethics of Killing: Self-Defense and Punishment (New York: Oxford University Press).
  • The Ethics of Killing: War (New York: Oxford University Press).









  • “On Nuclear Modernization in Europe,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (October 1982).




  • “Nuclear Blackmail,” in Nigel Blake and Kay Pole, eds., Dangers of Deterrence: Philosophers on Nuclear Strategy (London and Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1983): 84-111.







  • “The Ethics of International Intervention,” in Anthony Ellis, ed., Ethics and International Relations (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1986): 24-51. Revised version in Kenneth Kipnis and Diana T. Meyers, eds., Political Realism and International Morality: Ethics in the Nuclear Age (Boulder: Westview Press, 1988): 75-101.
  • “A Note on Pure Defense,” Journal of Philosophy 83, no. 11 (1986): 640-641.




  • “How Defensive Is Strategic Defense?” in Douglas Lackey, ed., Ethics and Strategic Defense (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1988): 99-106.







  • War and Peace,” in Peter Singer, ed., A Companion to Ethics (Oxford and New York: Basil Blackwell, 1991): 384-95.







  • “Self-Defense and the Problem of the Innocent Attacker,” Ethics 104, no. 2 (January 1994): 252-290




  • “Killing and Equality,” Utilitas 7, no. 1 (May 1995): 1-29.
  • “La Moralita del Causare l’esistenza di Persone” (The Ethics of Causing People to Exist), Bioetica 2 (Milan, Summer 1995): 182-200.




  • Realism, Morality, and War,” in Terry Nardin, ed., The Ethics of War and Peace: Religious and Secular Perspectives (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996): 78-92.







  • Wrongful Life: Paradoxes in the Morality of Causing People to Exist,” in Jules Coleman and Christopher Morris, eds., Rational Commitment and Social Justice: Essays for Gregory Kavka (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, October 1998): 208-247. Reprinted in abridged and revised form in John Harris, ed., Oxford Readings in Bioethics(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).







  • Moral Intuition,” in Hugh LaFollette, ed., Blackwell Guide to Ethical Theory (Oxford: Blackwell, 2000).




  • Animals,” in R. G. Frey and Christopher Wellman, eds., Blackwell Companion to Applied Ethics (Oxford: Blackwell, 2002).




  • Unjust War in Iraq,” The Pelican Record XLI, no. 5 (2004): 21-33. Available online at




  • Preventing the Existence of People with Disabilities,” in David Wasserman, Jerome Bickenbach, and Robert Wachbroit, eds., Quality of Life and Human Difference: Genetic Testing, Health Care, and Disability (NY and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005): 142-71.




  • An Alternative to Brain Death,” Journal of Law, Medicine, and Ethics (Spring 2006): 44-48. Reprinted in John Arras, Alex John London, and Bonnie Steinbock, eds.. Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine, 7th edition (McGraw Hill, 2007).
  • The Lucretian Argument,” in R. Feldman, K. McDaniel, J.R. Raibley, and M.J. Zimmerman, eds., The Good, the Right, Life and Death, a Festschrift for Fred Feldman (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing, 2006): 213-26.




  • Killing Embryos for Stem Cell Research,” Metaphilosophy 38, no. 2/3 (April 2007): 170-89. Reprinted in Lori Gruen, Laura Grabel, and Peter Singer, eds., Stem Cell Research: The Ethical Issues (Oxford: Blackwell, 2007).
  • Just War,” in Robert E. Goodin, Philip Pettit, and Thomas Pogge, eds., A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy, 2nd edition (Oxford: Blackwell, 2007).
  • Jeff McMahan” (an interview) in Thomas Petersen and Jesper Ryberg, eds., Normative Ethics: 5 Questions (New York & London: Automatic Press/VIP, 2007).




  • Aggression and Punishment,” in Larry May, ed., War: Philosophical Perspectives (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).
  • Comment,” in Michael Doyle, Striking First: Preemption and Prevention in International Conflict (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008).




  • Radical Cognitive Limitation,” in Kimberley Brownlee and Adam Cureton, eds., Disability and Disadvantage (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2009).




  • Laws of War,” in Samantha Besson and John Tasioulas, eds., The Philosophy of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).
  • Torture and Collective Shame,” in Anton Leist and Peter Singer, eds., Coetzee and Philosophy (New York: Columbia University Press, 2010).
  • The Just Distribution of Harm Between Combatants and Noncombatants,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 38, no. 4 (Fall 1010)   (This is an electronic version of an article published in Philosophy & Public Affairs. Complete citation information for the final version of the paper, as published in the print edition of Philosophy & Public Affairs, is available on the Blackwell Synergy online delivery service, accessible via the journal’s website at or




  • Duty, Obedience, Desert, and Proportionality in War: A Response,” Ethics 122, no. 1 (2011): 135-67.  (A response in a symposium on Killing in War to commentaries by Yitzhak Benbaji, John Gardner and François Tanguay-Renaud, David Rodin, and Cheyney Ryan.)
  • “Kann Töten Gerecht Sein?” (Can Killing be Just?), if: Zeitschrift für Innere Führung 2 (2011).  (Journal of the Bundeswehr.)




  • “Cognitive Surrogacy, Assisted Participation, and Moral Status,”, in Margaret Battin, Rosamond Rhodes, and Anita Silvers, eds., Medicine and Social Justice (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012).  Coauthored with David Wasserman.
  • War,” in David Estlund, ed., The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012).
  • “Just War: A Response to Neu,” Ethical Perspectives (2012).




  • Foreword,” to Bradley Jay Strawser, ed., Killing by Remote Control: The Ethics of an Unmanned Military (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013).
  • Bernard Williams: A Reminiscence,” in Alexandra Perry and Chris Herrera, eds., The Moral Philosophy of Bernard Williams (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing).
  • Moral Intuition,” revised version, in Hugh LaFollette and Ingmar Persson, eds., Blackwell Guide to Ethical Theory, second edition (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013).
  • Moral Wounds,” and “Replies” to commentators,  Boston Review, November/December 2013): 18-23 and 34-35.




  • Foreword,” to  Andrea Ellner, Paul Robinson, and David Whetham, eds., When Soldiers Say No: Selective Conscientious Objection in the Modern Military (Ashgate, 2014).
  • Moral Status,” in David Edmonds and Nigel Warburton, eds., Philosophy Bites Again (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014).




  • The Moral Problem of Predation,” in Andrew Chignell, Terence Cuneo, and Matt Halteman, eds., Philosophy Comes to Dinner: Arguments About the Ethics of Eating (London: Routledge, 2015).
  • Death, Killing, and War,” in a special issue of COLLeGIUM: Studies Across Disciplines in the Humanities and Social Sciences on “Death, Dying and Mortality – From Individualistic to Communal Perspectives,” edited by Sami Pihlström, Sara Heinämaa & Outi Hakola (2015).




  • Review of Helen Frowe, Defensive Killing, in Ethics 126 (April 2016).
  • The Limits of Self-Defense,” in Christian Coons and Michael Weber, eds., The Ethics of Self-Defense (New York: Oxford University Press, 2016).
  • A Challenge to Gun Rights,” in David Edmonds, ed., Philosophers Take on the World (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016).
  • Tom Regan: An Appreciation,” in Gary Comstock and Mylan Engel, eds., The Moral Rights of Animals (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2016).







  • Doing Good & Doing the Best,” in Paul Woodruff, ed., Philanthropy and Philosophy: Putting Theory Into Practice (New York: Oxford University Press, 2017).
  • Torture and Method in Moral Philosophy,” in Scott Anderson and Martha Nussbaum, eds., Confronting Torture: Essays on the Ethics, Legality, History, and Psychology of Torture Today (Chicago: University of Chicago Press: 2018).
  • Afterword to Bradley Jay Strawser, Ryan Jenkins, and Michael Robillard, eds., Who Should Die? The Ethics of Killing in War(New York: Oxford University Press, 2018).
  • Foreword to Shannon Fyfe, Larry May, and Eric Ritter, eds., The Cambridge Handbook of the Just War(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018).




  • Early Death and Later Suffering,” in Espen Gamlund and Carl Tollef Solberg, eds., Saving Lives From the Badness of Death (New York: Oxford University Press, 2018).
  • “Foreword,” in Espen Gamlund and Carl Tollef Solberg, eds., Saving People from the Harm of Death(New York: Oxford University Press, 2018).
  • “In Defense of the Time-Relative Interest Account: A Response to Campbell,” in Espen Gamlund and Carl Tollef Solberg, eds., Saving People from the Harm of Death(New York: Oxford University Press, 2018).
  • “Proportionality in Defense Against Inflictors of Many Small Harms”