- British Nuclear Weapons: For and Against (London: Junction Books, 1981). Preface by Bernard Williams.
- Reagan and the World: Imperial Policy in the New Cold War (London: Pluto Press, 1984). Revised, updated, and expanded edition, New York: Monthly Review Press, 1985.
- The Morality of Nationalism (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997). Coedited with Robert McKim.
- The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002).
Reviews: Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Australian Review of Public Affairs, Canadian Journal of Philosophy (review essay), Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Philosophie, Ethics, Journal of Ethics (review essay), Journal of the American Academy of Religion, London Review of Books, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, Philosophical Books 1, Philosophical Books 2, Philosophical Books 3, Philosophical Review, Philosophy & Phenomenological Research (review essay), Philosophy and Public Affairs (review essay), Ratio, Sats – Nordic Journal of Philosophy, Times Literary Supplement, Utilitas
- Killing in War (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2009).
- Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010). Coedited with N. Ann Davis and Richard Keshen.
- The Values of Lives (New York: Oxford University Press). A collection of articles.
- The Right Way to Fight (New York: Oxford University Press).
- The Ethics of Killing: Self-Defense and Punishment (New York: Oxford University Press).
- The Ethics of Killing: War (New York: Oxford University Press).
- “Problems of Population Theory,” Ethics 92, no. 1 (1981): 96-127.
- “On Nuclear Modernization in Europe,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (October 1982).
- “Nuclear Blackmail,” in Nigel Blake and Kay Pole, eds., Dangers of Deterrence: Philosophers on Nuclear Strategy (London and Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1983): 84-111.
- “Deterrence and Deontology,” Ethics 95, no. 3 (1985): 517-536.
- “Fact and Fantasy in Nicaragua,” The American Oxonian, (Fall 1985): 164-170.
- “Nuclear Deterrence and Future Generations,” in Avner Cohen and Steven Lee, eds., Nuclear Weapons and the Future of Humanity (Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Allanheld, 1986): 319-339.
- “The Ethics of International Intervention,” in Anthony Ellis, ed., Ethics and International Relations (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1986): 24-51. Revised version in Kenneth Kipnis and Diana T. Meyers, eds., Political Realism and International Morality: Ethics in the Nuclear Age (Boulder: Westview Press, 1988): 75-101.
- “A Note on Pure Defense,” Journal of Philosophy 83, no. 11 (1986): 640-641.
- “How Defensive Is Strategic Defense?” in Douglas Lackey, ed., Ethics and Strategic Defense (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1988): 99-106.
- “Death and the Value of Life,” Ethics 99, no. 1 (1988): 32-61.
- “Is Nuclear Deterrence Paradoxical?” Ethics99, no. 2 (January 1989): 407-422.
- “War and Peace,” in Peter Singer, ed., A Companion to Ethics (Oxford and New York: Basil Blackwell, 1991): 384-95.
- “Killing, Letting Die, and Withdrawing Aid,” Ethics 103, no. 2 (January 1993): 250-279.
- “The Right to Choose an Abortion,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 22, no. 4 (Fall 1993): 331-348.
- “The Just War and the Gulf War“ (coauthored with Robert McKim), The Canadian Journal of Philosophy23, no. 4 (December 1993): 501-541.
- “Self-Defense and the Problem of the Innocent Attacker,” Ethics 104, no. 2 (January 1994): 252-290
- “Innocence, Self-Defense, and Killing in War,” The Journal of Political Philosophy 2, no. 3 (September 1994): 193-221.
- “Revising the Doctrine of Double Effect,” The Journal of Applied Philosophy11, no.2 (1994): 201-212.
- “The Metaphysics of Brain Death,” Bioethics 9, no. 2 (April 1995): 91-126.
- “Killing and Equality,” Utilitas 7, no. 1 (May 1995): 1-29.
- “La Moralita del Causare l’esistenza di Persone” (The Ethics of Causing People to Exist), Bioetica 2 (Milan, Summer 1995): 182-200.
- “Realism, Morality, and War,” in Terry Nardin, ed., The Ethics of War and Peace: Religious and Secular Perspectives (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996): 78-92.
- “Cognitive Disability, Misfortune, and Justice,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 25, no. 1 (Winter 1996): 3-34.
- “Intervention and Collective Self-Determination,” Ethics and International Affairs 10 (1996): 1-24.
- “The Limits of National Partiality,” in McKim and McMahan, eds., The Morality of Nationalism (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997): 107-38.
- “A Challenge to Common Sense Morality,” Ethics 108, no. 2 (1998): 394-418.
- “Preferences, Death, and the Ethics of Killing,” in Christoph Fehige and Ulla Wessels, eds., Preferences (Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter & Co., 1998): 471-502.
- “Brain Death, Cortical Death, and Persistent Vegetative State,” in Peter Singer and Helga Kuhse, eds., A Companion to Bioethics (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998): 250-260.
- “Wrongful Life: Paradoxes in the Morality of Causing People to Exist,” in Jules Coleman and Christopher Morris, eds., Rational Commitment and Social Justice: Essays for Gregory Kavka (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, October 1998): 208-247. Reprinted in abridged and revised form in John Harris, ed., Oxford Readings in Bioethics(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).
- “Moral Intuition,” in Hugh LaFollette, ed., Blackwell Guide to Ethical Theory (Oxford: Blackwell, 2000).
- “Animals,” in R. G. Frey and Christopher Wellman, eds., Blackwell Companion to Applied Ethics (Oxford: Blackwell, 2002).
- “War as Self-Defense,” Ethics and International Affairs 18, no. 1 (2004): 13-18.
- “The Ethics of Killing in War,” Ethics 114, no. 4 (2004): 693-733. Condensed version in Philosophia 34 (2006): 23-41.
- “Unjust War in Iraq,” The Pelican Record XLI, no. 5 (2004): 21-33. Available online at
- “The Ethics of Killing: Summary,” Philosophical Books 46, no. 1 (2005): 1-3.
- “On Harming and Killing: Replies to Hanser, Persson and Savulescu, and Wasserman,” Philosophical Books 46, no. 1 (2005): 34-44.
- “On the Morality of Screening for Disability,” Reproductive Biomedicine Online, vol. 10, supplement 1, special issue on “Ethics, Law, and Moral Philosophy of Reproductive Biomedicine” (2005): 129-32.
- “Preventing the Existence of People with Disabilities,” in David Wasserman, Jerome Bickenbach, and Robert Wachbroit, eds., Quality of Life and Human Difference: Genetic Testing, Health Care, and Disability (NY and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005): 142-71.
- “Preventive War and the Killing of the Innocent,” in David Rodin and Richard Sorabji, eds., The Ethics of War: Shared Problems in Different Traditions (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing, 2005): 169-90.
- “Self-Defense and Culpability” Law and Philosophy 24, no. 6 (2005): 751-74.
- “The Basis of Moral Liability to Defensive Killing,” Philosophical Issues 15 (2005): 386-405.
- “‘Our Fellow Creatures’,” Journal of Ethics 9 (2005): 353-380.
- “Causing Disabled People to Exist and Causing People to be Disabled,” Ethics 116, no. 1 (October 2005): 77-99.
- “Just Cause for War,” Ethics and International Affairs 19, no. 3 (2005): 1-21.
- “Is Prenatal Genetic Screening Unjustly Discriminatory?“, Virtual Mentor: Ethics Journal of the American Medical Association 8 (January 2006): 50-52.
- “Torture, Morality, and Law,” Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, 37, nos. 2 & 3 (2006): 241-48.
- “Killing in War: A Reply to Walzer,” Philosophia 34 (2006): 47-51.
- “Liability and Collective Identity: A Response to Walzer,” Philosophia 34 (2006): 13-17.
- “An Alternative to Brain Death,” Journal of Law, Medicine, and Ethics (Spring 2006): 44-48. Reprinted in John Arras, Alex John London, and Bonnie Steinbock, eds.. Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine, 7th edition (McGraw Hill, 2007).
- “Paradoxes of Abortion and Prenatal Injury,” Ethics 116, no. 4 (July 2006): 625-55.
- “The Lucretian Argument,” in R. Feldman, K. McDaniel, J.R. Raibley, and M.J. Zimmerman, eds., The Good, the Right, Life and Death, a Festschrift for Fred Feldman (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing, 2006): 213-26.
- “Morality, Law, and the Relation Between Jus ad Bellum and Jus in Bello,” Proceedings of the American Society of International Law, (2006): 46-48.
- “On the Moral Equality of Combatants,” Journal of Political Philosophy 14, no. 4 (2006): 377-93.
- “Killing Embryos for Stem Cell Research,” Metaphilosophy 38, no. 2/3 (April 2007): 170-89. Reprinted in Lori Gruen, Laura Grabel, and Peter Singer, eds., Stem Cell Research: The Ethical Issues (Oxford: Blackwell, 2007).
- “Collectivist Defenses of the Moral Equality of Combatants,” Journal of Military Ethics 6, no. 1 (2007).
- “Infanticide,” Utilitas 19 (2007): 131-59.
- “Justice and Liability in Organ Allocation,” Social Research 74, n. 1 (2007): 101-24.
- “Just War,” in Robert E. Goodin, Philip Pettit, and Thomas Pogge, eds., A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy, 2nd edition (Oxford: Blackwell, 2007).
- “The Sources and Status of Just War Principles,” Journal of Military Ethics 6, no. 2, special issue: “Just and Unjust Wars: Thirty Years On” (2007): 91-106.
- “Jeff McMahan” (an interview) in Thomas Petersen and Jesper Ryberg, eds., Normative Ethics: 5 Questions (New York & London: Automatic Press/VIP, 2007).
- “Contrasting Approaches to War: Some Thoughts on the Views of Fletcher, Segev, Shany, and Zohar,” Israel Law Review 40, no. 3 (October 2007).
- “Aggression and Punishment,” in Larry May, ed., War: Philosophical Perspectives (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).
- “The Morality of War and the Law of War,” in David Rodin and Henry Shue, eds., Just and Unjust Warriors: The Legal and Moral Status of Soldiers (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2008).
- “Brain Death: Metaphysics, Morality, and Law,” in Ansfar Beckermann, Holm Tetens, and Sven Walter, eds., Philosophie: Grundlagen und Anwendungen (Paderborn: Mentis, 2008): 181-93.
- “Eating Animals the Nice Way,” Daedalus, Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Winter 2008).
- “Challenges to Human Equality,” Journal of Ethics 12:1 (2008).
- “Comment,” in Michael Doyle, Striking First: Preemption and Prevention in International Conflict (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008).
- “Justification and Liability in War,” Journal of Political Philosophy 16, no. 2 (2008): 227-44.
- “Torture in Principle and in Practice,” Public Affairs Quarterly 22 (2008): 111-128.
- “Collective Guilt and Collective Punishment,” Criminal Justice Ethics (Winter/Spring 2008): 4-12.
- “Radical Cognitive Limitation,” in Kimberley Brownlee and Adam Cureton, eds., Disability and Disadvantage (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2009).
- “War, Terrorism, and ‘The War on Terror’,” in Christopher Miller, ed.,“War on Terror”: The Oxford Amnesty Lectures 2006 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2009).
- “Asymmetries in the Morality of Causing People to Exist,” in Melinda Roberts and David Wasserman, eds., Harming Future Persons: Ethics, Genetics and the Nonidentity Problem (New York: Springer, 2009).
- “Self-Defense Against Morally Innocent Threats,” and “Reply to Commentators,” in Paul H. Robinson, Kimberly Ferzan, and Stephen Garvey, eds., Criminal Law Conversations (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009).
- “Cognitive Disability and Cognitive Enhancement ,” Metaphilosophy 40, nos. 3-4 (2009): 582-605.
- “Intention, Permissibility, Terrorism, and War ,” Philosophical Perspectives 23 (2009): 345-72.
- “What Makes an Act of War Disproportionate?”, The 2008 William C. Stutt Ethics Lecture (Annapolis: Admiral James B. Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership, United States Naval Academy, 2009).
- “Death, Brain Death, and Pesistent Vegetative State,” Helga Kuhse and Peter Singer, eds., A Companion to Bioethics, second edition (Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009): 286-98.
- “The Morality of Military Occupation,” Loyola International and Comparative Law Review 31 (2009).
- “Laws of War,” in Samantha Besson and John Tasioulas, eds., The Philosophy of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).
- “Responsibility, Permissibility, and Vicarious Agency,” (symposium on Frances Kamm’s Intricate Ethics), Philosophy and Phenomenological Research (2010).
- “Humanitarian Intervention, Consent, & Proportionality,” in N. Ann Davis, Richard Keshen, and Jeff McMahan, eds., Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010).
- “Animalism and the Varieties of Conjoined Twinning,” coauthored with Tim Campbell, Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics (2010). Expanded version to appear in Stephan Blatti and Paul Snowdon, eds., Essays on Animalism.
- “Pacifism & Moral Theory,” Diametros (Poland)
- “Torture and Collective Shame,” in Anton Leist and Peter Singer, eds., Coetzee and Philosophy (New York: Columbia University Press, 2010).
- “The Just Distribution of Harm Between Combatants and Noncombatants,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 38, no. 4 (Fall 1010) (This is an electronic version of an article published in Philosophy & Public Affairs. Complete citation information for the final version of the paper, as published in the print edition of Philosophy & Public Affairs, is available on the Blackwell Synergy online delivery service, accessible via the journal’s website at www.blackwellpublishing.com/papa or http://www.blackwell-synergy.com.)
- “Child Soldiers: The Ethical Perspective,” in Scott Gates and Simon Reich, eds., Child Soldiers in the Age of Fractured States (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2010).
- Proportionality in the Afghanistan War,” Ethics and International Affairs 25 (2011): 143-54.
- “Killing in War” and “Who is Morally Liable to be Killed in War,” Analysis 71 (2011): 511-12 and 544-59, respectively. (A précis and response to Gerald Lang, Michael Otsuka, and Bradley Strawser in a symposium on Killing in War.)
- “Duty, Obedience, Desert, and Proportionality in War: A Response,” Ethics 122, no. 1 (2011): 135-67. (A response in a symposium on Killing in War to commentaries by Yitzhak Benbaji, John Gardner and François Tanguay-Renaud, David Rodin, and Cheyney Ryan.)
- “Kann Töten Gerecht Sein?” (Can Killing be Just?), if: Zeitschrift für Innere Führung 2 (2011). (Journal of the Bundeswehr.)
- “Individual Liability in War: A Response to Fabre, Leveringhaus, & Tadros,” Utilitas 24, no. 2 (2012). (A response to commentaries in a symposium on Killing in War.)
- “Targeted Killing: Murder, Combat, or Law Enforcement?”, in Andrew Altman, Claire Finkelstein, and Jens David Ohlin, eds., Targeted Killings: Law and Morality in an Asymmetrical World (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012).
- “Hobbesian Defenses of Orthodox Just War Theory,” in Sharon Lloyd, ed., Hobbes Today (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012).
- “Cognitive Surrogacy, Assisted Participation, and Moral Status,”, in Margaret Battin, Rosamond Rhodes, and Anita Silvers, eds., Medicine and Social Justice (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012). Coauthored with David Wasserman.
- “War,” in David Estlund, ed., The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012).
- “Killing and Disabling: A Comment on Sinnott-Armstrong and Miller,” Journal of Medical Ethics (2012).
- “Just War: A Response to Neu,” Ethical Perspectives (2012).
- “Causing People to Exist and Saving People’s Lives,” Journal of Ethics 17 (2013): 5-35.
- “Infanticide and Moral Consistency,” Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (2013): 273-80.
- “The Prevention of Unjust Wars,” in Yitzhak Benbaji and Naomi Sussman, eds., Reading Walzer (London: Routledge, 2013).
- “War Crimes and Immoral Action in War,” in Antony Duff, Lindsay Farmer, Sandra Marshall, and Victor Tadros, eds., The Constitution of Criminal Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013). Spanish translation, “Crimenes de Guerra y acciones inmorales durante la Guerra,” Revista Argentian de Teoria Juridica 15 (2014).
- “The Conditions of Liability to Preventive Attack,” in Deen K. Chatterjee, ed., The Ethics of Preventive War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012).
- “Comment on ‘Associative Duties and the Ethics of Killing in War’,” Journal of Practical Ethics 1 (2013). Available at http://www.jpe.ox.ac.uk/correspondence/?paper=144
- “Can Soldiers be Expected to Know Whether Their War is Just?“, in Fritz Allhoff, Nick Evans, and Adam Henschke, eds., Routledge Handbook of Ethics and War (London: Routledge, forthcoming). This is a significantly revised version of chapter 3, section 3.3, of Killing in War.
- “Foreword,” to Bradley Jay Strawser, ed., Killing by Remote Control: The Ethics of an Unmanned Military (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013).
- “Bernard Williams: A Reminiscence,” in Alexandra Perry and Chris Herrera, eds., The Moral Philosophy of Bernard Williams (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing).
- “Moral Intuition,” revised version, in Hugh LaFollette and Ingmar Persson, eds., Blackwell Guide to Ethical Theory, second edition (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013).
- “Genetic Modification of Characteristic Masculine Traits: Enhancement or Deformity?,” Journal of Medical Ethics (2013).
- “Moral Wounds,” and “Replies” to commentators, Boston Review, November/December 2013): 18-23 and 34-35.
- “Self-Defense Against Justified Threateners,” in Helen Frowe and Gerald Lang, eds., How We Fight: Ethics in War (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014).
- “What Rights May be Defended by Means of War?,” in Cécile Fabre and Seth Lazar, eds., The Morality of Defensive War (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014).
- “Foreword,” to Andrea Ellner, Paul Robinson, and David Whetham, eds., When Soldiers Say No: Selective Conscientious Objection in the Modern Military (Ashgate, 2014).
- “Proportionality and Just Cause: A Comment on Kamm,” Journal of Moral Philosophy (2014).
- “Proportionate Defense,” Journal of Transnational Law and Policy 23 (2014).
- “Moral Status,” in David Edmonds and Nigel Warburton, eds., Philosophy Bites Again (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014).
- “Proportionality and Time,” Ethics (2015).
- “The Comparative Badness for Animals of Suffering and Death,” in Tatjana Višak and Robert Garner, eds., The Ethics of Killing Animals (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015).
- “The Moral Problem of Predation,” in Andrew Chignell, Terence Cuneo, and Matt Halteman, eds., Philosophy Comes to Dinner: Arguments About the Ethics of Eating (London: Routledge, 2015).
- “Death, Killing, and War,” in a special issue of COLLeGIUM: Studies Across Disciplines in the Humanities and Social Sciences on “Death, Dying and Mortality – From Individualistic to Communal Perspectives,” edited by Sami Pihlström, Sara Heinämaa & Outi Hakola (2015).
- “The Meat Eaters” and “Rethinking the ‘Just War’,” in Peter Catapano and Simon Critchley, eds., The Stone Reader (New York: Norton/Liveright, 2015).
- “Philosophical Critiques of Effective Altruism,” The Philosopher’s Magazine 73 (2nd Quarter 2016).
- Review of Helen Frowe, Defensive Killing, in Ethics 126 (April 2016).
- “On ‘Modal Personism’,” Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2016): 26-30.
- “The Morality of Assisting Others to Die” in Quentin Fowler et al., eds., Assisted Dying: A Quaker Exploration (Leeds: Leeds Area Meeting House, 2016).
- “The Limits of Self-Defense,” in Christian Coons and Michael Weber, eds., The Ethics of Self-Defense (New York: Oxford University Press, 2016).
- “A Challenge to Gun Rights,” in David Edmonds, ed., Philosophers Take on the World (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016).
- “Tom Regan: An Appreciation,” in Gary Comstock and Mylan Engel, eds., The Moral Rights of Animals (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2016).
- “Unjust War and the Crime of Aggression,” in Claus Kreß and Stefan Barriga, eds. The Crime of Aggression: A Commentary (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017).
“Liability, Proportionality, and the Number of Aggressors,” in Saba Bazargan and Samuel Rickless, eds., The Ethics of War (New York: Oxford University press, 2017).
- “’‘Human Dignity,’ Suicide, and Assisting Others to Die,” in Sebastian Muders, ed., The Role of Human Dignity in Assisted Death (New York: Oxford University Press, 2017).
- “Obituary: Derek Parfit (1942-2017),” Philosophy Now119 (April-May 2017): 56-57.
- “Proportionality and Necessity in Jus in Bello,” in Helen Frowe and Seth Lazar, eds., The Oxford Handbook of the Ethics of War (New York: Oxford University Press, 2018).
- “Doing Good and Doing the Best,” in Paul Woodruff, ed., Philanthropy and Philosophy: Putting Theory Into Practice (New York: Oxford University Press, 2017).
- “Torture and Method in Moral Philosophy,” in Scott Anderson and Martha Nussbaum, eds., Confronting Torture: Essays on the Ethics, Legality, History, and Psychology of Torture Today (Chicago: University of Chicago Press: 2018).
- Afterword to Bradley Jay Strawser, Ryan Jenkins, and Michael Robillard, eds., Who Should Die? The Ethics of Killing in War(New York: Oxford University Press, 2018).
- Foreword to Shannon Fyfe, Larry May, and Eric Ritter, eds., The Cambridge Handbook of the Just War(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018).
- “Moral Liability to ‘Crime-Preventing Neurointervention’,” in David Birks and Thomas Douglas, eds., Treatment For Crime: Philosophical Essays on Neurointerventions in Criminal Justice (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018).
- “Early Death and Later Suffering,” in Espen Gamlund and Carl Tollef Solberg, eds., Saving Lives From the Badness of Death (New York: Oxford University Press, 2018).
- “Foreword,” in Espen Gamlund and Carl Tollef Solberg, eds., Saving People from the Harm of Death(New York: Oxford University Press, 2018).
- “In Defense of the Time-Relative Interest Account: A Response to Campbell,” in Espen Gamlund and Carl Tollef Solberg, eds., Saving People from the Harm of Death(New York: Oxford University Press, 2018).
- “Proportionality in Defense Against Inflictors of Many Small Harms”
- “Killing Innocent People,” Journal of Moral Philosophy, symposium on Helen Frowe’s Defensive Killing